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romanassia

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Reply with quote  #1 
Greetings.

I need a bit of help understanding sitar string gauges. My sitar is stringed in Vilayat style and I'm wanting to restring it with some Ellora strings a friend gave me. However, I can't find a guid that uses the string numbers that Ellora uses.

Here is what I have on it so far:

1 (MA) #32
2 #28 (copper)
3 #32 (brass)
4 #24 (brass)
5 #32
Chikara #30
Sympathetics #30

Does this sound about right? If so, are the string numbers the gauge numbers? If so, is there a guide showing this in the event I want to restring in a different way?

Thanks!
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povster

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Reply with quote  #2 
There are different wire gauges around which cause confusion. In some the bigger the number the thicker the wire. In others the smaller the number the thicker the wire.

The more common gauges are listed below in inches. You should be able to easily convert to mm in you need to via the internet. NOTE on the chikaris and sympathetics, some use the lighter or thicker gauges based on their instrument's response.

On your style sitar which is called Ghandar/Pancham aka "Vilayat Khan style"
main string - 0.012" steel
2nd string - 0.015" or 0.016" phosphor bronze
4th (longest chikari) - 0.012"or 0.011" steel
3rd (2nd longest chikari) - 0.011" or 0.010" steel
middle and shortest chikaris - 0.009" or 0.010" steel
sympathetics - 0.009" or 0.010" steel

Kharah/Pancham or "Ravi Shankar" style
main string - 0.012" steel
2nd string - 0.015" or 0.016" phosphor bronze
3rd string (1st bass string) - 0.022" phosphor bronze
4th string (2nd bass string) - 0.028" phosphor bronze
longest chikari - 0.011" or 0.010" steel
middle and shortest chikaris - 0.009" or 0.010" steel
sympathetics - 0.009" or 0.010" steel

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romanassia

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Reply with quote  #3 
Thanks for the info. Am I correct in assuming that these numbers that I listed (the #32, etc) do not directly correspond to the wire gauges? Or would they perhaps be in a different measurement? The packages simply give me those numbers and nothing else. I attached a photo of the packaging. (At least I hope it attaches from my iPad)
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povster

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Reply with quote  #4 
Yes, the wire gauge number does not refer to the actual measurement but just a number reflecting a particular measurement. For example, in SWG (Standard Wir Gauge) a 32 would be 0.0108" or .274mm. In AWG (American Wire Gauge) an 32 would be .0080" or .2032mm.

I would assume that string you pictured is using Standard Wire Gauge (SWG) and would equate to some strings I listed in my post above as 0.010".

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romanassia

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Reply with quote  #5 
Correct. I do believe they are SWG. Now making sense. Big thanks!
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Greg

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Reply with quote  #6 
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Standard_wire_gauge

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